The sovereign state system is more present today than in any other moment in history. Sovereign states have given way to the ability to create supranational, intergovernmental organizations, amongst others. Moreover, the creation of the sovereign state and the prevalence of such has given rise to many other fundamental institutions in international relations that would have been impossible if sovereign states would have not risen after the Peace of Westphalia. An example of this is the North Atlantic Treaty Association. The world still needs territorially delimited sovereign states.
The lack of these sovereign states will cause regional instability and will basically nullify most of the international legal institutions that have shaped our international arena for many years now. Krasner’s answer to the ceaseless question “Is sovereignty in decline or changing?” would be that no, sovereignty is not in decline, however, sovereignty is being changed by other organizations that over arch it. I would say that sovereignty is not in decline but the boundaries that we used to see as limiting mobility amongst states is fading, but will not disappear. For example, Commercial air travel has led us to travel the world eliminating any water or land divide.
State building in 17th century Europe was enacted for the benefit of a few people in the state rather than for a collective objective like today. Mercantilism rose in Europe at the benefit of the wealthy state and wealthy businessman behind the operations. Tilly argues in his article that the states created violence to benefit themselves (or in some cases, the lords and sovereign in power). In today’s contemporary international landscape, we can see various states where this is still prevalent, however, most of those states are also pinned as corrupt. In today’s world, national identity, democracy and traditions have shifted governments of sovereign states to focus on the will of the population rather than on their own. Social media and globalization have helped keep the sovereign state system in check. Nonetheless, there is still tyrants and other national leaders that have taken it upon themselves to create and maintain a sovereign state for their own purpose; those who use coercive tactics on their own population to keep them “under control”. These actors are the ones that greatly resemble the actors who control sovereign states in the 17th century.