Liberal Institutionalism: non-cooperation in our modern world- Lucero Flores

For many years, since the end of the Cold War, the international community has been completely aware of the states that are classified in the group of major world leaders. Today, those states have been noting that there are in fact new emerging states, to exemplify, Brazil, India and China.  However, today the relationship between world powers has been undermining. It is not failing due to the fact that the public has not announced the importance or status of these emerging states but because of an underlying factor. In Mearsheimer’s journal, he explains that what has been causing a non-relationship between power states is the idea of liberal institutionalism, that fact that institutions can bring peace and cooperation between states According to Mearsheimer, in a realist world, states act upon institutions for their benefit and that leads to chaos. Even though the idea of entitling a state as a new world power presents itself beneficial for the international community, for example if a  state needs the political assistance of a world power,  at the end of the day, a state is self-interested and will be cautious about security competition, especially an emerging world power, like Brazil and India.

In the case of Ukraine, Russia has been the intervening world power and that sole factor explains why it is difficult for emerging states to classify themselves as these world leaders because while they are on the verge of becoming these world powers,  their main concern is security for their state. No matter how many institutions there are in the world, fear of the dominance of another state and benefits that state can attain from these institutions is a causing factor as to why these states don’t want to emerge as power states today and the cooperation between world powers is failing. Ask any individual, ethnic group, state or world power what they fear the most, and that is security. When there is a fear of security, there is also a limit to cooperation, and if there is no cooperation, there is a lack of balance of power.

There is an importance of having that balance of power among states because if there isn’t, the first state that hops on the boat of dominance over an institution for their own benefit, can easily persuade the institution for assistance.  It is frightening to think that these international institutions actually initiate special relationship with states and adopt initiatives. In theory, liberal institutionalism, could assist in promoting peace but it doesn’t assist when helping to prevent war or conflicts that could end on a bad note.



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