The European Union is an international organization that is not only highly developed but also highly complex, almost to the point where it seems like some member states feel it is over reaching its role. As Hugo Dixon discussed in his article, several of the member states are concerned about which issues the EU chooses to deal with and which it chooses to save for later. (https://blackboard.american.edu/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?tab_group=courses&url=%2Fwebapps%2Fblackboard%2Fexecute%2Fcontent%2Ffile%3Fcmd%3Dview%26content_id%3D_2559451_1%26course_id%3D_111529_1%26framesetWrapped%3Dtrue )These states feel that the EU, recently, has been concerning itself with issues that are more national issues rather than the intergovernmental issues such as recovering from the recession felt by the entire EU. This being said, how likely does it seem that other regions around the world, with much different pasts, are going to form international organizations that are anywhere near as stable as the EU?
The European Union has evolved over time from the ECSC which was formed by the Treaty of Paris after World War II and since then has had many other treaties that transformed it into what it is today. (https://blackboard.american.edu/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?tab_group=courses&url=%2Fwebapps%2Fblackboard%2Fexecute%2Fcontent%2Ffile%3Fcmd%3Dview%26content_id%3D_2558621_1%26course_id%3D_111529_1%26framesetWrapped%3Dtrue ) Would each region need to have inter-state war in order to finally come to a treaty at the end to organize them? I don’t believe this was the most important factor in their founding. I believe it had to do with the economic leveling that a war can create. After a war states will all being facing debts and resources deficits. I think that’s what allowed the ECSC to form and eventually transform through new issues into today’s EU.
In order for say, South America, to create an international organization like the European Union, I think the countries would have to have relatively similar levels of development. If they don’t it would be much harder for them to economically integrate the way the ECSC did. If one economy is the driving force then many of the other countries, which are nowhere near them in economic production, can end up dragging them down. This concept is applicable to all regions around the world assuming that my opinion is correct. Even if it is not another factor is politics in creating large international organizations like the EU. As they stated in The Economist article, the way of politics in South America has not changed in order to favor a possible organization, so much so that, with the exception of Angela Merkel and Mariano Rajoy, most of the most influential politicians in the EU chose not to attend the conference. (http://www.economist.com/news/americas/21571157-regions-anachronistic-new-face-past-and-future )
In conclusion the EU is a unique international organization. It has been capable of survival dues to the factors that founded it; war, new treaties and similar development and politics has kept it alive. It would be very difficult to institute a similar institution anywhere else in the world at this point in time.