ICBL– Inspiration for New Human Rights Campaigns? Chiara Gabellieri

The International Campaign to Ban Landmines was the result of a rigorous effort from the international community that came together to address a human rights issue of global importance. Landmines and cluster munitions, which are a large threat to the developing world, were addressed in the Ottawa Treaty that resulted from this determined campaign. It was the perfect storm of events—from the unwavering leadership to the amount of countries and organizations willing to get involved and back this campaign. Although this was unique moment in time when these groups of people came together, it certainly paved the way for other international initiatives to strive to become equally effectual http://books.google.com/books?id=kFmqy5_RJcsC&pg=PA143&lpg=PA143&dq=motoko+mekata+building+partnerships+toward+a+common+goal&source=bl&ots=k7I84ORTNZ&sig=NCTv_Y5Jv87YSsLzR465ZkloiC0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=fnlbVIrlBfbesAT8oIGIDw&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=motoko%20mekata%20building%20partnerships%20toward%20a%20common%20goal&f=false.

These sentiments of peace and standing up for human rights are evident in an advocacy video by Article36.org addressing a similar issue concerning the international prevalence of small arms, such as landmines. The persuasive video adequately addresses basic humanitarian and security problems that stem from the fact that these small arms are so prevalent in the developing world. The large-scale, global trade of these weapons poses a grave security threat to those within the regions where these arms are being received. The video largely targets world powers with great authority and influence that have the capacity to ameliorate this global problem but instead choose to overlook these human rights violations http://www.whiteoliphaunt.com/duckofminerva/2012/05/networks-in-arms.html. Addressing security and humanitarian issues when it comes to small arms, blame seems to be placed on the P5 of the Security Council, as these countries are the world’s largest suppliers of weapons regarding the global arms trade. It could be considered that for this reason, these countries are seen as supporting some of the world’s worst human rights violations that are focused on in this video http://www.ipsnews.net/2013/03/conflicts-of-interest-plague-arms-trade-treaty-talks/.

Referring back to the success of the coalition that came together to address the humanitarian issue in the International Campaign to Ban Landmines, it seems that this campaign could have instigated new treaties and movements conducive to a similar coalition that pertain to this newly relevant issue of arms control and trade as well as small arms and humanitarian violations that the video addressed. This progressive vision of a treaty addressing landmines was paralleled in 2012 when there was a group of countries and NGOs that came together to propose an arms trade treaty before the UN General Assembly which would combat the illicit arms trade to demand stricter regulations and standards for the transfer of weapons and arms. It seems that this treaty, along with the treaty regarding landmines, have gathered considerable support and assistance from the global community. It seems that with these social and moral pressures, the global community can accomplish anything to set certain humanitarian standards. http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/issues/military-police-and-arms/arms-trade.


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