All posts by Julia Norman

Where do the Funds Go?-Julia Norman

To reach the Millennium Development Goals by 2015, it is estimated to be between $40-$60 billion a year in loans from organizations such the World Bank and the IMF. This is not even sufficient funds for countries to be able to reform their policies and improve the goals the country is trying to reach. The World Bank strives to provide loans to countries to improve their standard of living in order to build better capital programs and aims to reduce poverty. Although in theory loans are morally good, there are downfalls to not only the World Bank, but also other loan and money agencies.  Continue reading Where do the Funds Go?-Julia Norman

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The Attempt at the Decline of Political Power- Julia Norman

The beginnings of a global criminal court trace back to the 19th century with Gustav Moynier. He proposed a permanent court after the Franco-Prussian War. With time, the International Criminal Court was created in April 2002. Its goal of being mandated was to achieve international justice and try individuals in a court for heinous crimes, no matter their political standing. Because of the desire to separate power and politics from the court, the ICC has gone through debates on how to structure a successful international court. There are multiple factors that play a role in the equation. How can states be involved in the court without influencing the decisions of the prosecuted? Or should the ICC prosecutors consider political factors of the person being investigated? Continue reading The Attempt at the Decline of Political Power- Julia Norman

International Laws: Helpful or Useless? – Julia Norman

International norms and laws are widely recognized ideas that are created in order to promote peace and cooperation among countries. Although in theory international laws should increase communication among countries, the real question is do international laws improve compliance from the international community. In 2013, the Syrian President Bashar al-Assad violated the almost universally accepted international norm against use of chemical weapons. It is hard to say what comes after an international law has been broken, since there is very little backing up most international laws. Does the country that breaks the law deserve consequences? Or, is it simply legitimate but illegal? Even when international norms become binded by a law, it almost never improves compliance. Continue reading International Laws: Helpful or Useless? – Julia Norman

Sovereignty: Declining or Evolving- Julia Norman

Globalization is a catch phrase in today’s society, but what does it really mean? To me, the definition encompasses a plethora of components such as the sharing of ideas, cross boarder economics, cultural sharing, and division of resources. With so much involvement cross- boarders, there becomes a blurred line of state power and sovereignty. It is a debated topic whether sovereignty is in decline or just being challenged by various factors. Krasner, a professor of International relations at Stanford University, argues the idea that sovereignty has always existed, however is always being challenged in various ways. Continue reading Sovereignty: Declining or Evolving- Julia Norman