Do we need a comprehensive and binding international treaty in order to start to tackle the global issue of climate change? Of course not. Do we need the country of Lesotho to agree to chip in by reducing greenhouse gas emissions before other countries can move forward on addressing climate change? Again, of course not, and thankfully it seems that we are waking up to those simple facts.
As much as climate change had been debated, nothing really has done to solve the problem. Since 1990s, including Kyoto Protocol, the international institutions has shown its lack of capacity to manage the issue. In order to prevent further damage and danger, the global community needs a stronger international institution to address the issue effectively. Continue reading Need for the Global Community – Seungmin Song
For over sixty years now, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has served as a key instrument of the liberal international economic order (LIEO). Free trade, loans to aid development, and the decline of command economies have all been results of this institution—much to the delight of countless actors across the international stage. Yet the past decade has hosted a particularly strong wave of criticism. The 2007-08 financial crisis, as Eric Helleiner shows us, damaged the legitimacy of both IMF policies and leadership. From that time through today, many have insisted that a “new Bretton Woods” occur as to totally begin again in our structuring of global finance. Helleiner and I are, at our cores, opposed to such a move. This is largely because a “new Bretton Woods” is almost impossible, but also because a “new Bretton Woods” seems rather counterintuitive.
The International Campaign to Ban Landmines was the result of a rigorous effort from the international community that came together to address a human rights issue of global importance. Landmines and cluster munitions, which are a large threat to the developing world, were addressed in the Ottawa Treaty that resulted from this determined campaign. Continue reading ICBL– Inspiration for New Human Rights Campaigns? Chiara Gabellieri
The UN should be congratulated on setting up an official inquiry into the human rights violations perpetrated by the Sri Lankan government during the country’s civil war. Granted, that inquiry is coming rather late (about five years late), is horribly undermanned (only twelve official staff members), and is restricted to only ten months in which to complete its inquiry. And of course, it will only look at the last years of the civil war in Sri Lanka which ended in 2009, turning a blind eye to all of the ongoing human rights violations in the country today.
Let’s be honest here. In a perfect world, no prosecutor should take political factors into consideration when deciding who to investigate and who to prosecute. But we don’t live in a perfect world; far from it. Since the International Criminal Court is “the world’s most serious attempt at achieving international justice” (Bosco 1), it needs to be treated seriously. It needs to have its survival protected.
The European Union is truly an anomaly in the world of international relations and global governance. Many other international organizations are separate entities from domestic governing institutions, typically with marginal leverage when it comes to the internal affairs of member states. In the case of the European Union; however, all 28-member states have given up aspects of their sovereignty in order to make way for a centralized government with its own distinct powers. Continue reading The EU: A League of its Own?– Chiara Gabellieri