Do we need a comprehensive and binding international treaty in order to start to tackle the global issue of climate change? Of course not. Do we need the country of Lesotho to agree to chip in by reducing greenhouse gas emissions before other countries can move forward on addressing climate change? Again, of course not, and thankfully it seems that we are waking up to those simple facts.
Over the years, international organizations have adapted their policies and regulations to the events that have altered both domestic and international affairs. Climate change has been a very delicate issue in the past decade, as scientists have released information that has caught the attention of states across the globe. Human activity has altered the “greenhouse effect” making every single human being culpable and targetable of such change. As a result, states are concerned of the effect this has and might have in their communities in the near future. Governments have been actively involved in the implementation of international treaties to improve the environmental situation globally, decrease the effects of climate change, and prevent atrocious results due to a lack of responsibility. Continue reading How Seriously Do States Take Climate Change? – Ilka Vanessa Walker-Vera
The International Campaign to Ban Landmines was the result of a rigorous effort from the international community that came together to address a human rights issue of global importance. Landmines and cluster munitions, which are a large threat to the developing world, were addressed in the Ottawa Treaty that resulted from this determined campaign. Continue reading ICBL– Inspiration for New Human Rights Campaigns? Chiara Gabellieri
Let’s be honest here. In a perfect world, no prosecutor should take political factors into consideration when deciding who to investigate and who to prosecute. But we don’t live in a perfect world; far from it. Since the International Criminal Court is “the world’s most serious attempt at achieving international justice” (Bosco 1), it needs to be treated seriously. It needs to have its survival protected.
The European Union is truly an anomaly in the world of international relations and global governance. Many other international organizations are separate entities from domestic governing institutions, typically with marginal leverage when it comes to the internal affairs of member states. In the case of the European Union; however, all 28-member states have given up aspects of their sovereignty in order to make way for a centralized government with its own distinct powers. Continue reading The EU: A League of its Own?– Chiara Gabellieri
Between 12-45 million environmental refugees are displaced from their homes each year by sudden onset disasters such as tsunamis and still more from slow onset disasters. From the conflicts in Sudan that erupted as a result of scarce resources due to climate change, to an ever-increasing rise in sea level that threatens low-lying islands such as the Maldives, the need to address climate refugees and migrants resulting from these disasters is becoming more and more critical. Continue reading UNHCR: What about climate refugees?
This week’s readings take a critical approach on Mearsheimer’s opinions, who claimed that realism is the only approach that is valid in today’s context of states co-operating, and this is due to the fact that there is no governing authority to police each state effectively. Achieving interdependence under institutionalist theory can be tricky, although achievable, and the nature of it has changed, in my opinion. Continue reading To Play Nice or Not? – Gar Meng Leong