The three articles discussing climate change all point out that time is running short to address it. There is an underlying recognition of human nature and what it will take to motivate countries, who act like people, to start working on the problem of climate change with greater effort. All three articles argue that there has to be more of a human appeal rather than just scientific evidence and threat of enforcement to induce cooperation on climate change. Continue reading Human Appeal Needed For Next Climate Change Treaty—Alice Huntoon
Do we need a comprehensive and binding international treaty in order to start to tackle the global issue of climate change? Of course not. Do we need the country of Lesotho to agree to chip in by reducing greenhouse gas emissions before other countries can move forward on addressing climate change? Again, of course not, and thankfully it seems that we are waking up to those simple facts.
The International Campaign to Ban Landmines was the result of a rigorous effort from the international community that came together to address a human rights issue of global importance. Landmines and cluster munitions, which are a large threat to the developing world, were addressed in the Ottawa Treaty that resulted from this determined campaign. Continue reading ICBL– Inspiration for New Human Rights Campaigns? Chiara Gabellieri
Let’s be honest here. In a perfect world, no prosecutor should take political factors into consideration when deciding who to investigate and who to prosecute. But we don’t live in a perfect world; far from it. Since the International Criminal Court is “the world’s most serious attempt at achieving international justice” (Bosco 1), it needs to be treated seriously. It needs to have its survival protected.
The European Union is truly an anomaly in the world of international relations and global governance. Many other international organizations are separate entities from domestic governing institutions, typically with marginal leverage when it comes to the internal affairs of member states. In the case of the European Union; however, all 28-member states have given up aspects of their sovereignty in order to make way for a centralized government with its own distinct powers. Continue reading The EU: A League of its Own?– Chiara Gabellieri
Between 12-45 million environmental refugees are displaced from their homes each year by sudden onset disasters such as tsunamis and still more from slow onset disasters. From the conflicts in Sudan that erupted as a result of scarce resources due to climate change, to an ever-increasing rise in sea level that threatens low-lying islands such as the Maldives, the need to address climate refugees and migrants resulting from these disasters is becoming more and more critical. Continue reading UNHCR: What about climate refugees?
International norms and laws are widely recognized ideas that are created in order to promote peace and cooperation among countries. Although in theory international laws should increase communication among countries, the real question is do international laws improve compliance from the international community. In 2013, the Syrian President Bashar al-Assad violated the almost universally accepted international norm against use of chemical weapons. It is hard to say what comes after an international law has been broken, since there is very little backing up most international laws. Does the country that breaks the law deserve consequences? Or, is it simply legitimate but illegal? Even when international norms become binded by a law, it almost never improves compliance. Continue reading International Laws: Helpful or Useless? – Julia Norman