Contestation between those who are largely concerned about justice and social equality and those who represent a traditional international governance system based on the primacy of nation state is neither new nor an existential threat to world order. But the tension is there and it is increasing as the forces of globalization increase. Continue reading Contesting Contestation—Alice Huntoon
As much as climate change had been debated, nothing really has done to solve the problem. Since 1990s, including Kyoto Protocol, the international institutions has shown its lack of capacity to manage the issue. In order to prevent further damage and danger, the global community needs a stronger international institution to address the issue effectively. Continue reading Need for the Global Community – Seungmin Song
The financial crisis of 2007-2008 shook the very foundations of the globalized financial world. By destabilizing the global economy, the meltdown created a legitimacy crisis for the Bretton Woods system. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) was the brainchild of the 1944 Bretton Woods Conference and put forward an era of intense market liberalization. Under the leadership of the super-powerful United States, the world (or at least those 45 allowed into the original institution) entered a new age of interdependence. However, times have changed. The United States is not the powerhouse it used to be, with economic power spreading as more countries enter the global markets. Legitimacy of the IMF and the effects of domestic economic problems on the rest of the world have created a lack of faith in how the IMF handles crises, leading to issues and impediments for governments to cooperate. Continue reading The Changing Global Financial Market and the Static IMF – Paige Moeller
The International Campaign to Ban Landmines was the result of a rigorous effort from the international community that came together to address a human rights issue of global importance. Landmines and cluster munitions, which are a large threat to the developing world, were addressed in the Ottawa Treaty that resulted from this determined campaign. Continue reading ICBL– Inspiration for New Human Rights Campaigns? Chiara Gabellieri
The European Union is truly an anomaly in the world of international relations and global governance. Many other international organizations are separate entities from domestic governing institutions, typically with marginal leverage when it comes to the internal affairs of member states. In the case of the European Union; however, all 28-member states have given up aspects of their sovereignty in order to make way for a centralized government with its own distinct powers. Continue reading The EU: A League of its Own?– Chiara Gabellieri
The European Union is one of the most well organized international organizations as regional governance. The complexity of the institution and the level of intergovernmental integration that EU achieved make hard to compare with other international organizations. Even though EU was created in similar time period with some other international organizations, it developed more than others because of interdependence and normative power that made more integration possible throughout the decades. Continue reading Good Institution in Multiple Perspectives: What makes EU Different -Seungmin Song
Between 12-45 million environmental refugees are displaced from their homes each year by sudden onset disasters such as tsunamis and still more from slow onset disasters. From the conflicts in Sudan that erupted as a result of scarce resources due to climate change, to an ever-increasing rise in sea level that threatens low-lying islands such as the Maldives, the need to address climate refugees and migrants resulting from these disasters is becoming more and more critical. Continue reading UNHCR: What about climate refugees?