Do we need a comprehensive and binding international treaty in order to start to tackle the global issue of climate change? Of course not. Do we need the country of Lesotho to agree to chip in by reducing greenhouse gas emissions before other countries can move forward on addressing climate change? Again, of course not, and thankfully it seems that we are waking up to those simple facts.
During World War I, states created organizations “to promote international cooperation, peace, and security.” International organizations were established to improve communication between states and enter into agreements fairly. States are the main components of international organizations because international organizations are mainly made up of members from different parts of the world looking out for their state’s interests. However, international organizations are bureaucracies that make rules to address current issues concerning international interests. Its decisions and actions reflect both the interests of the members and staff working at the organization. On the other hand, fundamental organizations, such as the World Bank, which manages money from all over the world, are expected to act fairly and justly, pursuing international interests and not solely their states interests. Continue reading Are Members in International Organizations Powerful? – Ilka Vanessa Walker-Vera
For many years, since the end of the Cold War, the international community has been completely aware of the states that are classified in the group of major world leaders. Today, those states have been noting that there are in fact new emerging states, to exemplify, Brazil, India and China. However, today the relationship between world powers has been undermining. It is not failing due to the fact that the public has not announced the importance or status of these emerging states but because of an underlying factor. In Mearsheimer’s journal, he explains that what has been causing a non-relationship between power states is the idea of liberal institutionalism, that fact that institutions can bring peace and cooperation between states According to Mearsheimer, in a realist world, states act upon institutions for their benefit and that leads to chaos. Even though the idea of entitling a state as a new world power presents itself beneficial for the international community, for example if a state needs the political assistance of a world power, at the end of the day, a state is self-interested and will be cautious about security competition, especially an emerging world power, like Brazil and India. Continue reading Liberal Institutionalism: non-cooperation in our modern world- Lucero Flores